National laws – Anti Nationale http://antinationale.org/ Mon, 22 Nov 2021 18:03:59 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8.2 https://antinationale.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/anti.png National laws – Anti Nationale http://antinationale.org/ 32 32 How Popular Views in Jiangmen Help Shape National Laws https://antinationale.org/how-popular-views-in-jiangmen-help-shape-national-laws/ Fri, 05 Nov 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://antinationale.org/how-popular-views-in-jiangmen-help-shape-national-laws/ 03:22 When China’s highest legislature released draft amendments to garner public opinion on the Scientific and Technological Advancement Act, Philip Lee was eager to come up with ideas. Lee runs a business in Jiangmen that supplies specialty plastics. Resins are an essential raw material for almost everything in everyday life, from small household appliances to […]]]>

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When China’s highest legislature released draft amendments to garner public opinion on the Scientific and Technological Advancement Act, Philip Lee was eager to come up with ideas.

Lee runs a business in Jiangmen that supplies specialty plastics. Resins are an essential raw material for almost everything in everyday life, from small household appliances to electric car parts.

“Being in the high-tech manufacturing industry, it’s very exciting to have been invited to participate in the review of the law. I remember staying awake until 11 pm one night chatting with my research and development team, ”said Lee, president of the Guangdong Dosn Science and Technology Society.

“We hope the law will provide stronger protection for our research, more resources for the industry, as well as better rewards and recognition for our high tech talent.”

Lee started his first business in Hong Kong 16 years ago, but saw great potential in Jiangmen’s manufacturing supply chain and government incentives. “Jiangmen has a strong industrial base and diverse culture with influences from Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao (in southern China), as well as a vibrant workforce of people from northern China. China.

He believes the city’s ties to the Chinese diaspora abroad make it a great place not only for business, but where authorities can tap into a reservoir of legislative ideas.

“It’s a good window to share ideas and correct misunderstandings. For example, we’ve raised awareness here about the National Security Act and the Anti-Secession Act,” said Lee, who is also vice president of Jiangmen Federation of Chinese Overseas Enterprises.

“We have also discussed this with our friends and relevant groups in Hong Kong about the meaning of these laws. We hope they can see that freedom is in the stability that allows us to grow our businesses and live happily.”

Residents of Jianghai District in Jiangmen give their opinion on the new regulations on November 1, 2021. Huang Yi / CGTN

Residents of Jianghai District in Jiangmen give their opinion on the new regulations on November 1, 2021. Huang Yi / CGTN

Every voice counts

One in five residents of Hong Kong and Macao has roots in Jiangmen, according to a district People’s Congress official.

The city of 4 million people plays a major role in the implementation of China’s “global democracy”, a concept introduced by Chinese President Xi Jinping and emphasizing listening to the voices of all. governance levels.

The community of Jiangcui in a sub-district of Jiangmen has been one of those voices since 2015, when the city first established contact stations at the local level.

The community of 8,000 has hosted numerous discussions on new or revised laws covering a wide range of topics, from national security to domestic violence and the protection of minors. In recent weeks, they have offered recommendations on regulations to prevent food waste.

Li Yanhua is one of the 63 district opinion poll coordinators.

“We often go door-to-door so that people can participate in the making of laws without even leaving their homes. We record these opinions without adding legal jargon to reflect their most sincere opinions,” Li said. , chief coordinator of the Jianghai District Local Contact Station.

Jianghai residents have contributed to 32 laws and regulations just one year after their district became a national point of contact.

“Unlike the West, we don’t have universal suffrage or the drama that comes with ‘one man, one vote.’ But we elect deputies to district people’s assemblies. They represent our needs and present them to the most. senior lawmakers, ”Li explained.

Jianghai is one of 22 nationwide local contact stations across China and the first in Guangdong Province. Li expects more to be rolled out nationwide, forming a network of diverse communities that will help shape the country’s future.

“Global democracy means that people can directly and continuously participate in the governance of our country. The grassroots contact stations are proof that the Chinese democratic system is becoming more inclusive,” Li said.

(Cover: Business owner Philip Lee chats with CGTN reporter. / CGTN)

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Juukan Gorge inquiry urges national laws to protect sacred sites https://antinationale.org/juukan-gorge-inquiry-urges-national-laws-to-protect-sacred-sites/ Mon, 18 Oct 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://antinationale.org/juukan-gorge-inquiry-urges-national-laws-to-protect-sacred-sites/ Committee member and Yawuru man Senator Pat Dodson said Age Monday that First Nations people should have the right to say “no” to the destruction of their cultural heritage. “This recommendation was made in light of the investigation and the sheer amount of damage and destruction suffered by Aboriginal heritage since colonization, but more recently […]]]>

Committee member and Yawuru man Senator Pat Dodson said Age Monday that First Nations people should have the right to say “no” to the destruction of their cultural heritage.

“This recommendation was made in light of the investigation and the sheer amount of damage and destruction suffered by Aboriginal heritage since colonization, but more recently during the boom in the west when Aborigines did had nothing to say and were completely excluded from the legislative framework in WA.

“It’s really about correcting the balance and recognizing the importance of Indigenous cultural heritage to this nation and to First Nations people, and it’s one of the few things that governments can do to try to repair the terrible injustices that have happened to indigenous peoples, ”he said. noted.

When asked if he was convinced the government would adopt the recommendations in the report, the Labor senator said: “I am not convinced this government will do anything, quite frankly. But I think they have to.

The destruction of the Juukan Gorge shelters in May 2020 sparked global condemnation, led to federal investigation and plunged Australia’s second-largest miner into crisis. An uprising by Rio Tinto’s major shareholders in Australia and Britain ultimately forced the resignation of the company’s chief executive, Jean-Sébastien Jacques, and two of his deputies – iron ore boss Chris Salisbury and the head of corporate affairs Simone Niven. Rio president Simon Thompson will step down in the coming months.

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Rio’s blasting of the site to make way for an expansion of the Brockman 4 iron mine was legally sanctioned, but went against the wishes of the traditional owners – the people of Puutu Kunti Kurrama and Pinikura (PKKP) – who told the federal investigation that they were unaware of the miner’s intention to destroy the site until it was too late to remove the explosive charges.

Rio Tinto apologized and acknowledged the failures of its engagement with the PKKP and the “missed opportunities” that could have prevented the debacle.

More than a year later, Rio continues to seek improvements, including the formation of an Indigenous Advisory Group to report gaps in Indigenous cultural heritage management protocols, ensure a better understanding of Indigenous culture and issues in the whole company, including the board of directors. level and provide a “clear path” to rebuild trust over time, the company said.

The PKKP Aboriginal Corporation said on Monday it would take time to review the report and its recommendations.

“Much continues to be written and said both about what happened before the destruction of the Juukan Caves and the invaluable artefacts they contain, and what should be done to prevent such behavior. does not happen again, ”he said.

“For the PKKP, actions, not words, will be the real test. “

The PKKP added that it would continue to work in good faith with the Rio leadership to ensure that the attitudes and processes that led to the disaster were replaced with “genuine partnership and respect”.

“Part of achieving this shared approach is a role for us in decision making, and we believe this can be achieved through co-management of mining activities on our lands,” the group said. “Simply put, this means early, meaningful and ongoing engagement at all stages of mining activity. “

The main traditional owners representing the Aboriginal Heritage Action Alliance welcomed the report and called on the WA government to immediately withdraw its indigenous heritage bill.

Clayton Lewis, a man from Nanda Widi with family and cultural ties to areas of the Midwest, Murchison and Gascoyne, Wash., Said the investigation shed light on what traditional owners have since known. a long time: the existing legislation “serves the developers, not the protection of our culture and our sacred sites”.

“The report should make the WA government bow its head in shame, highlighting its inability to listen to traditional owners and the lack of trust we have in the government to protect culture,” he said.

Rio Tinto’s new chief executive, Jakob Stausholm, said the company is working hard to restore trust with the PKKP and other traditional owners in all of its mining operations.

“We know it will take time and there will be challenges ahead,” he said. “But we are focused on improving our engagement with Indigenous Peoples and our host communities to better understand their priorities and concerns, minimize our impacts and responsibly manage Indigenous cultural heritage in and around our operations. . “

Across the country’s mining sector, the loss of the Juukan Gorge rock shelters and the federal investigation have drawn attention to the power imbalance underlying the relationship between mining companies and indigenous groups, including including the use of ‘gagging’ orders in land use contracts that prohibit landowners from publicly opposing projects on their ancestral lands, and outdated OA legislation that only offers applicants, and not traditional owners, the ability to request reviews of approval decisions.

The Minerals Council of Australia, a mining industry group, said its members deeply value their relationships with various First Nations landowners and have taken significant steps since the destruction of the Gorge to strengthen partnerships, practices of heritage protection, liability and oversight.

“The Juukan Gorge tragedy should never have happened,” said group general manager Tania Constable. “It must never happen again. “

The Minerals Council said it would review the committee’s final report.

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Qatar stresses need to integrate national laws and international instruments https://antinationale.org/qatar-stresses-need-to-integrate-national-laws-and-international-instruments/ Sat, 09 Oct 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://antinationale.org/qatar-stresses-need-to-integrate-national-laws-and-international-instruments/ The State of Qatar underscored the need for integration between national laws and international instruments in the area of ​​rule of law, stressing that the country’s leaders attach particular importance to strengthening national institutions concerned by the rule of law. rule of law, based on international rules and standards. . Qatar also affirmed the commitment […]]]>

The State of Qatar underscored the need for integration between national laws and international instruments in the area of ​​rule of law, stressing that the country’s leaders attach particular importance to strengthening national institutions concerned by the rule of law. rule of law, based on international rules and standards. .

Qatar also affirmed the commitment of government institutions to adhere to the rule of law and raise awareness of it in society, as it is the main factor of equality and justice for all and the promotion of good governance.

This emerges from the statement by Qatar read by the Second Secretary of the Permanent Mission of Qatar to the United Nations, Ali Al Mansouri, during the meeting of the Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly during its 76th rule of law session.

Qatar said the international community had adopted many international charters and declarations stressing the importance of the rule of law, including the 2005 World Summit Declaration, which stressed that the rule of law was an essential element of conflict prevention, peacekeeping, conflict resolution, peacebuilding and the guarantee of human rights. with protection.

The statement also highlighted that the Qatari Shura Council elections, which took place on October 2 this year, were a crucial step in the democratic process decided by the state and in enabling Qatari citizens to choose their representatives in accordance with the rule of law. .

The statement also expressed Qatar’s pride in its partnership with the international group to promote international peace and security, achieve development and respect human rights in accordance with the principles of the Charter, explaining that the State of Qatar sought to realize the principle of peaceful settlement. disputes in accordance with the Charter, to achieve and prevent peaceful solutions to disputes, and its efforts have resulted in the settlement of many conflicts, in coordination with the Security Council and United Nations organs.

The statement referred to the work of the Center for Rule of Law and Anti-Corruption in Doha, which was established in cooperation with the United Nations in 2012, to promote the rule of law and fight corruption at the level regional, by organizing seminars and training workshops for specialists from the countries of the region.

As part of supporting international anti-corruption efforts, the statement noted the establishment of the Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al-Thani International Award of Excellence, which is awarded annually to individuals and institutions from different countries around the world. , on the occasion of the International Anti-Corruption Day, which falls on December 9.

The statement also drew attention to Qatar’s active participation in the United Nations General Assembly special session on corruption, held last June.

In conclusion, the declaration reiterated Qatar’s commitment to implement the rule of law in a manner that contributes to the achievement of the purposes and objectives of the United Nations.

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EU court asks Polish judges to ignore national laws violating bloc law – EURACTIV.com https://antinationale.org/eu-court-asks-polish-judges-to-ignore-national-laws-violating-bloc-law-euractiv-com/ Tue, 02 Mar 2021 08:00:00 +0000 https://antinationale.org/eu-court-asks-polish-judges-to-ignore-national-laws-violating-bloc-law-euractiv-com/ Judges applying to join Poland’s Supreme Court should have the right to appeal the opinions of a body that examines candidates, the EU’s highest court said on Tuesday (March 2), highlighting a disagreement over the state of right between Warsaw and Brussels. While Tuesday’s verdict of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) said […]]]>

Judges applying to join Poland’s Supreme Court should have the right to appeal the opinions of a body that examines candidates, the EU’s highest court said on Tuesday (March 2), highlighting a disagreement over the state of right between Warsaw and Brussels.

While Tuesday’s verdict of the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) said the final decision in such cases rests with a Polish court, the judgment concerns a public body which critics say has become a tool to politicize the judiciary.

Poland is caught up in a long-standing row with the EU over reforms which the bloc says undermine the independence of the courts by increasing political control over judges. The ruling conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party says reforms are needed to make the courts more efficient and to purge the country’s communist-era relics from the justice system.

The case concerned the appeal by five candidates for the Supreme Court of Poland, whose chances of appearing in the highest judicial body in the country were crushed in August 2018 by the National Council of the Judiciary (KRS), which is responsible for appointing judges and examining ethics complaints. .

Under legislation introduced by the Polish parliament in July 2018, just a month before the KRS decision to overturn the nomination of the five Supreme Court candidates, every candidate, including the winners, had to join the appeal. , otherwise the decision of the KRS has become final.

In 2019, the Polish parliament subsequently amended the law to prohibit appeals against decisions of the KRS regarding proposed appointments to the Supreme Court. The amendments also ended all pending appeals, including the one pending before the CJEU.

The EU’s highest court has said that “the possible lack of any legal recourse” in matters of appointment can be problematic and “can raise systemic doubts in the minds of individuals as to independence and impartiality judges”.

EU judges ruled that the ability to appeal KRS rulings would be necessary to protect the appointment process from outside influence if national courts found that the body itself lacked independence.

The CJEU left it to the Polish courts to judge for themselves whether the change in the law on appointments went against the rules of the bloc. However, if they did, EU law would oblige them “not to apply these amendments,” Luxembourg judges said.

The ECJ said the system of cooperation between national and European courts as well as the “principle of sincere cooperation” prevented changes in laws that would prevent EU judges from ruling on issues already referred to them, or from referring similar questions in the future.

The Court also declared that the responsibility of EU countries to provide legal protection in the areas covered by Union law would make illegal any modification which could give rise to “legitimate doubts, in the minds of subjects of law. “, As to the neutrality and” impermeability “of judges to” the influence of the legislature and the executive “.

The Court of Justice has ruled that successive amendments to a law on the National Council of the Judiciary, which effectively remove judicial review of its decisions, could violate EU law. The Council assesses judicial appointments.

“When a violation has been proven, the principle of the rule of EU law requires that the national court not apply to these changes,” the court said.

Critics said this led to the Council becoming politicized.

The court said EU law prohibits amendments that could lead to judges not being seen as independent or impartial.

“It is ultimately for the referring court to rule on whether this is the case in the present case”, he declared.

The judgment comes as the European Commissioner for Values ​​and Transparency, Vera Jourova, and Justice Commissioner Didier Reynders sent a letter in response to the previous communication from Krystian Markiewicz, the head of Iustitia, of the association Polish judges.

5,231 judges and prosecutors, mainly European, but also American, had signed the document.

The commissioners declared that they “understand the very difficult situation of many judges in Poland” and recalled that the CJEU had ordered the temporary suspension of the decision of the disciplinary chamber.

“Polish judges are European judges. They must perform their duties with a guarantee of independence and without causing a “freezing effect” against them and their activity, “wrote Jourova and Reynders.

In the letter, the commissioners also underlined that the changes in the Polish judicial system “violate the independence of Polish judges and are incompatible with the principle of the supremacy of EU law”.

[Edited by Josie Le Blond]

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Hong Kong Security Police Chiefs Warn of Rise in “Terrorism” as National Laws Loom https://antinationale.org/hong-kong-security-police-chiefs-warn-of-rise-in-terrorism-as-national-laws-loom/ Sun, 24 May 2020 07:00:00 +0000 https://antinationale.org/hong-kong-security-police-chiefs-warn-of-rise-in-terrorism-as-national-laws-loom/ By Twinnie Siu, Jessie Pang HONG KONG (Reuters) – Hong Kong security and police chiefs said “terrorism” was growing in the city, as government departments rallied around Beijing’s plans to introduce laws on Monday. national security after thousands took to the streets to protest the move. A masked anti-government protester holds a flag supporting Hong […]]]>

HONG KONG (Reuters) – Hong Kong security and police chiefs said “terrorism” was growing in the city, as government departments rallied around Beijing’s plans to introduce laws on Monday. national security after thousands took to the streets to protest the move.

A masked anti-government protester holds a flag supporting Hong Kong independence during a march against Beijing’s plan to impose national security legislation in Hong Kong, China on May 24, 2020. REUTERS / Tyrone Siu

Security legislation, which could see Chinese intelligence agencies setting up bases in Hong Kong and aimed at combating secession, subversion and terrorist activity, has sent shockwaves through business and diplomatic circles.

“Terrorism is growing in the city and activities that undermine national security, such as ‘Hong Kong independence’, are becoming more endemic,” Security Secretary John Lee said in a statement.

“In just a few months, Hong Kong has gone from one of the safest cities in the world to a city plunged into the shadow of violence,” he said, adding that national security laws were in place. necessary to protect the prosperity and stability of the city.

Police said they arrested more than 180 people on Sunday, when authorities fired tear gas and water cannons to disperse anti-government protesters as unrest returned to the Chinese-controlled city after months of relative calm.

Police Commissioner Chris Tang said there had been 14 cases involving explosives “commonly used in terrorist attacks abroad” and five seizures of firearms and ammunition since the protests began in June. Last year.

The bill “will help combat the strength of ‘Hong Kong independence’ and restore social order. The police fully support him, ”Tang said.

In a comeback from the unrest that rocked Hong Kong last year, crowds took to the city streets on Sunday in defiance of restrictions imposed to contain the coronavirus, with chants of “Hong Kong independence the only way out “echoing in the streets.

Calls for independence are anathema to Beijing, which sees Hong Kong as an inalienable part of the country. The proposed new national security framework underscores Beijing’s intention to “prevent, stop and punish” such acts.

Protests are set to resume on Wednesday, when the city’s legislature is expected to give a second reading of a bill that would criminalize abuse of the Chinese national anthem.

Agencies issuing statements in support of the legislation included the Commissioner of Corrections, Hong Kong Customs, the Fire Department and the Government Flying Service.

“MISUNDERSTANDING”

Finance Secretary Paul Chan wrote on his blog on Sunday that the national security law “by itself” does not affect investor confidence, only “misunderstanding” does.

“The central government has already stated that the law targets the minority of those suspected of threatening national security and would not affect the rights of the general public. “

The United States, Australia, Britain, Canada and others have expressed concerns over the legislation, widely seen as a potential turning point for China’s freest city and one of the main financial centers of the world.

Taiwan, which has become a haven for a small but growing number of pro-democracy protesters fleeing Hong Kong, will provide the people of Hong Kong with “the necessary assistance,” said President Tsai Ing-wen.

Nearly 200 political figures from around the world have denounced the legislation. Bankers and headhunters have said the legislation could lead to the outflow of money and talent from the city.

The Hong Kong stock exchange added a 1% drop to the 5.6% drop on Friday when the new security plan was unveiled by Beijing and the Hong Kong dollar hovered around its lowest since March.

In a statement on Sunday evening, a Hong Kong government spokesperson said the vast majority of residents and foreign investors “had nothing to fear” from the new security legislation and were responding to criticism of the foreigner.

“Sadly, and perhaps revealing, those who claim to act in the best interests of Hong Kong turn a blind eye to explosives, Molotov cocktails, firearms, weapons, attacks on passers-by, gratuitous vandalism, online trolling and disinformation campaigns used by radical protesters and their hidden masters to stir up fear and chaos and destabilize society, ”he said.

Written by Anne Marie Roantree and Marius Zaharia; Editing by Michael Perry

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